The exposition celebrated the four hundredth anniversary of Christopher Columbus. Turner republished his original paper, with twelve supporting articles, in the book The Frontier in American History; the second and consequent part of his theory, The Significance of Sections in American History, was published inthe year he died. His paper was preceded by his doctoral dissertation on the fur trade in Wisconsin and two articles on history and American history that show the development of his theory of the frontier. The second event was the announcement of the superintendent of the census that insufficient free land existed in the United States for the frontier to feature in the census reports as it had done since the first census in
In the discussion of its extent, its westward movement, etc. Up to our own day American history has been in a large degree the history of the colonization of the Great West. The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development.
Behind institutions, behind constitutional forms and modifications, lie the vital forces that call these organs into life and shape them to meet changing conditions. The peculiarity of American institutions is, the fact that they have been compelled to adapt themselves to the changes of an expanding people—to the changes involved in crossing a continent, in winning a wilderness, and in developing at each area of this progress out of the primitive economic and political conditions of the frontier into the complexity of city life.
All peoples show development; the germ theory of politics has been sufficiently emphasized. In the case of most nations, however, the development has occurred in a limited area; and if the nation has expanded, it has met other growing peoples whom it has conquered.
But in the case of the United States we have a different phenomenon. Limiting our attention to the Atlantic coast, we have the familiar phenomenon of the evolution of institutions in a limited area, such as the rise of representative government; the differentiation of simple colonial governments into complex organs; the progress from primitive industrial society, without division of labor, up to manufacturing civilization.
But we have in addition to this a recurrence of the process of evolution in each western area reached in the process of expansion.
Thus American development has exhibited not merely advance along a single line, but a return to primitive conditions on a continually advancing frontier line, and a new development for that area. American social development has been continually beginning over again on the frontier.
This perennial rebirth, this fluidity of American life, this expansion westward with its new opportunities, its continuous touch with the simplicity of primitive society, furnish the forces dominating American character. The true point of view in the history of this nation is not the Atlantic coast, it is the Great West.
Much has been written about the frontier from the point of view of border warfare and the chase, but as a field for the serious study of the economist and the historian it has been neglected.
The works of travelers along each frontier from colonial days onward describe certain common traits, and these traits have, while softening down, still persisted as survivals in the place of their origin, even when a higher social organization succeeded.
The result is that to the frontier the American intellect owes its striking characteristics. Since the days when the fleet of Columbus sailed into the waters of the New World, America has been another name for opportunity, and the people of the United States have taken their tone from the incessant expansion which has not only been open but has even been forced upon them.
He would be a rash prophet who should assert that the expansive character of American life has now entirely ceased.
Movement has been its dominant fact, and, unless this training has no effect upon a people, the American energy will continually demand a wider field for its exercise.
But never again will such gifts of free land offer themselves. For a moment, at the frontier, the bonds of custom are broken and unrestraint is triumphant.
The stubborn American environment is there with its imperious summons to accept its conditions; the inherited ways of doing things are also there; and yet, in spite of environment, and in spite of custom, each frontier did indeed furnish a new field of opportunity, a gate of escape from the bondage of the past; and freshness, and confidence, and scorn of older society, impatience of its restraints and its ideas, and indifference to its lessons, have accompanied the frontier.
What the Mediterranean Sea was to the Greeks, breaking the bond of custom, offering new experiences, calling out new institutions and activities, that, and more, the ever retreating frontier has been to the United States directly, and to the nations of Europe more remotely.
And now, four centuries from the discovery of America, at the end of a hundred years of life under the Constitution, the frontier has gone, and with its going has closed the first period of American history.$ , was released by the government to the public due to UN collaboration and end-of-year donation the sum of $ 50, was sent to each card It is advisable that you contact us now to receive.
Milwaukee (/ m ɪ l ˈ w ɔː k i /, locally / m ə ˈ-/) is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United initiativeblog.com seat of the eponymous county, it is on Lake Michigan's western shore. Ranked by estimated population, Milwaukee was the 31st largest city in the United States.
The city's estimated population in was , His paper, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” permanently altered the study of American history in schools, colleges, and universities. Turner’s famous paper often was reprinted, but it was not until that he presented the first full statement of his theory of the frontier.
Jun 14, · Turner relates the histories of the American frontiers (from the thirteen colonies to the settling of what he calls the Middle West (or what we call, today, the American Midwest)) and describes the populations settling, national and local economy and politics of, and the resulting reasons for each frontier/5(25).
Rochester History is a journal that covers the history of Rochester and western New York. All articles, from to the present, are available online. Video: The Significance of the Frontier in American History by Turner: Summary What was so important about the frontier in American history?
In this lesson, you'll learn about Frederick Jackson Turner's idea that the American frontier experience not only shaped the American character but also determined the course of history.