Visit Website After the eighth grade, Malcolm dropped out of school, headed for a life of crime. Turning to an ascetic way of life and reading widely, he began to overcome the degradation he had known. He became a loyal disciple and adopted X—symbolic of a stolen identity—as his last name. After six years Malcolm was released from prison.
Something of a curate's egg. In its favour this book is well written, and mentions a lot of information not available in other popular works.
Presumably this information is garnered from the leaflets available at the various sites the author visited. He is particularly good at ferreting out locations that often go unvisited by those following standard Cathar trails.
Notable finds are the memorial at Lavaur, the well at Minerve, and the Chapel of the Rosary at Muret. As well as providing easily digested information about the Cathars, this book will undoubtedly appeal to visitors unfamiliar with the spectacular area where the Cathars lived.
The author is also clearly sympathetic to the Cathars, as are almost all most authors of books on the subject with the notable exception of Jonathan Sumption.
On the other hand the author has clearly not done a great deal of historical research. The bibliography is spectacularly thin and there is little on Cathar doctrine. Mixed in with the usually reliable facts are several blunders and some notable omissions. He is scathing about an English translation of a book by Michel Roquebert, apparently unaware that the original version which he could easily have found is an excellent work by a leading French authority on the subject.
He can find not the "faintest excuse" for the atrocity at Bram, clearly unaware of the similar smaller-scale atrocity by the other side shortly before. He quotes Arnaud Amaury, but does not know that Amaury is the source of the number 20, given for the men, women and children massacred at Beziers, imagining that someone had subsequently inflated what was in fact a later, lower, independent estimate.
He notices one piece of graffiti in Occitan, but must have missed dozens of others. He does not seem to be aware that the Counts of Toulouse came from St-Gilles, nor that the town was the fourth most important pilgrimage site in Europe.
Also, he seems unduly affected by the weather. If it rains in any place he visits, then he takes against it in an almost superstitious way.
One gets the impression that if he had visited St-Gilles on a sunny day and learned of the close link with the Counts of Toulouse he might have formed a completely different opinion of the place. Still, overall this is a good book.
Recommended as an introduction for those new to the history of the Cathars.A Brief Biography of Malcolm X Words | 4 Pages.
Malcolm X, born in , didn’t have the easiest life. His family was not the wealthiest family and they went through the ups and downs of life more than anyone could ever imagine. After his father passed away a lot of things became harder to deal with. Bruce Perry's Malcom gives an in depth analysis of one of the most controversial public figures in modern American history.
Perry describes Malcom's troubled childhood in the Midwest, from his bouts with his father infidelities and his unexpected death -ruled accidental, but not certain-- to his, light skinned, mentally ill mother who was not afraid to keep her son in line by any means necessary.
This book serves nicely as a single-volume introduction to Malcolm X and his mature thought, although it is not without its flaws. The book is comprised of a variety of items including eight essays on the significance and meaning of Malcolm’s life and thought, seven essays of a more intimate nature by people who had known Malcolm X personally, four transcriptions of panels, dialogues, or.
Academy of Social Sciences ASS The United Kingdom Association of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences formed in gave rise to the Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences incorporated , which became the Academy of Social Sciences on ASS Commission on the Social Sciences Notes from the meeting on by Ron Johnston.
Jan 31, · Revealing moments in black history, with unpublished photos from The New York Times’s archives. We’ve added images daily in February. Read the introduction. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state.