Low platelet counts can cause: However, with fewer WBCs you will be more susceptible to infections. Aplastic anemia is caused by damage to the bone marrow.
Anemia Causes Many medical conditions cause anemia. Common causes of anemia include the following: Anemia from active bleeding: Loss of blood through heavy menstrual bleeding or wounds can cause anemia. Gastrointestinal ulcers or cancers such as cancer of the colon may slowly ooze blood and can also cause anemia.
The bone marrow needs iron to make red blood cells. Iron Fe plays an important role in the proper structure of the hemoglobin molecule. If iron intake is limited or inadequate due to poor dietary intake, anemia may occur as a result.
This is called iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia can also occur when there are stomach ulcers or other sources of slow, chronic bleeding colon canceruterine cancerintestinal polyps, hemorrhoidsetc.
In these kinds of scenarios, because of ongoing, chronic slow blood loss, iron is also lost from the body as a part of blood at a higher rate than normal and can result in iron deficiency anemia. Anemia of chronic disease: Any long-term medical condition can lead to anemia.
The exact mechanism of this process in unknown, but any long-standing and ongoing medical condition such as a chronic infection or a cancer may cause this type of anemia.
Anemia related to kidney disease: The kidneys release a hormone called the erythropoietin that helps the bone marrow make red blood cells.
In people with chronic long-standing kidney disease CKD or end stage renal disease ESRDthe production of this hormone is diminished, and this, in turn, diminishes the production of red blood cells, causing anemia. This is called anemia related to or anemia of chronic kidney disease.
Anemia related to pregnancy: Water weight and fluid gain during pregnancy dilutes the blood, which may be reflected as anemia since the relative concentration of red blood cells is lower. Anemia related to poor nutrition: Vitamins and minerals are required to make red blood cells.
In addition to iron, vitamin B12 and folate or folic acid are required for the proper production of hemoglobin Hgb. Deficiency in any of these may cause anemia because of inadequate production of red blood cells.
Poor dietary intake is an important cause of low folate and low vitamin B12 levels. Strict vegetarians who do not take sufficient vitamins are at risk to develop vitamin B12 deficiency.
There also may be a problem in the stomach or the intestines leading to poor absorption of vitamin B This may lead to anemia because of vitamin B12 deficiency known as pernicious anemia.
In some individuals, the problem may be related to production of abnormal hemoglobin molecules. In this condition, the hemoglobin problem is qualitative, or functional. Abnormal hemoglobin molecules may cause problems in the integrity of the red blood cell structure and they may become crescent-shaped sickle cells.
There are different types of sickle cell anemia with different severity levels. This is typically hereditary and is more common in those of African, Middle Eastern, and Mediterranean ancestry. People with sickle cell anemia can be diagnosed as early as childhood depending on the severity and symptoms of their disease.
This is another group of hemoglobin-related causes of anemia. There are many types of thalassemia, which vary in severity from mild thalassemia minor to severe thalassemia major.
These are also hereditary, but they cause quantitative hemoglobin abnormalities, meaning an insufficient amount of the correct hemoglobin molecules is made. Thalassemia is more common in people from African, Mediterranean, and Southeast Asian ancestries.
Poor nutrition and deficiencies of vitamins and minerals are associated with alcoholism.
Alcohol itself may also be toxic to the bone marrow and may slow down the red blood cell production. The combination of these factors may lead to anemia in alcoholics. Anemia may be related to diseases involving the bone marrow. Some blood cancers such as leukemia or lymphomas can alter the production of red blood cells and result in anemia.
· All about anemia, Symptoms, Causes and natural treatment of anemia. How to improve Hemoglobin(HB), Treatments for anemia range from taking supplements to undergoing medical procedures. You may be able to prevent some types of anemia by eating a healthy, varied diet.
Causes of common types of anemia. Common types of anemia and their initiativeblog.com · Anemia occurs from a lack of red blood cells. Learn about the causes, symptoms and treatments of anemia and how it relates to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)initiativeblog.com WebMD's overview of the many types and causes of anemia.
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Treatments for anemia range from taking supplements to undergoing medical initiativeblog.com What are the anatomical and physiological symptoms and causes for aplastic anemia? What is the diagnosis and what treatments are available for aplastic anemia?
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