Equality rights are of particular importance, given the unequal treatment women have experienced in Canada. A number of legal instruments exist in Canada to protect equality for women.
Statistics show that the percentage of indigenous people in conflict with the justice system is extreme and in many places those numbers may be on the rise.
In Canada, the issue has come under intense scrutiny in recent years. According to the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, aboriginals make up about 19 per cent of federal prisoners, while their number among the general population is only about 3 per cent.
Between andthey were ten times more likely to be accused of homicide than non-aboriginal people. The rate of natives in Canadian prisons climbed 22 per cent between andwhile the general prison population dropped 12 per cent.
In similar societies, discrepancies are equally glaring. While the numbers speak volumes, they remain the visible tip of the iceberg. These are variables that bring people into conflict with the justice system", he said. Few refute the fact that aboriginal involvement in crime is proportionally higher than that of non-natives in places such as Canada.
However, some believe that apart from deep-rooted stigma and social ills, outright discrimination by police and courts also exists.
In fact, according to the Correctional Investigator-an appointed official who acts as an ombudsman for Canada's federal corrections-certain forms of systemic discrimination do exist in the justice system, Mr.
What complicates the matter is that discrimination, by definition of the UN Human Rights Council, does not necessarily have to be deliberate. This means that ingrained misconceptions about natives, no matter how subtle, can be considered discriminatory when acted upon by police officers or judges.
For indigenous people accused of crimes, this can mean unintentional racial profiling. For those incarcerated, it often takes the form of tighter security, lack of parole opportunities and the cycle of problems that long periods away from home and family can create.
Thornier yet is the question of how to adapt official policies to the reality of aboriginal life. Jacobs, in her work with native women, illustrates this problem, saying that the vast majority of incarcerated aboriginal women, who make up a staggering 30 per cent of female prisoners in Canada, are locked up for addiction-related crimes or for self-defense in a situation of domestic violence.
Considering the high incidence of abuse in native homes and the prevalence of drugs and alcohol in their communities, it is often difficult to take a hard-lined position on those crimes. As Governments begin to take more action to support indigenous peoples, many are grappling with this paradox.
A difficult balancing act exists between the need to respond to the particular history of aboriginals and the need to deter crime in all communities, regardless of their background.
In Canada, recent debate on the matter was sparked by a United Nations review of the country's compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. In Octoberthe Human Rights Committee noted failures in the treaty's implementation and asked Canada to establish procedures for reversing human rights violations, especially against aboriginals.
It urged the Government to address violence and discrimination against aboriginal women and voiced its concern about the state of women prisoners in the country, especially those of aboriginal backgrounds.
The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination CERDin its annual report to the General Assembly, echoed some of these concerns when it issued a general recommendation on racial discrimination and administration of justice.
It noted that the proportionately higher crime rates attributed to particular groups, especially petty street crime and offenses related to drugs and prostitution, were often a sign of social exclusion.
It asked States to eliminate laws that had an impact in terms of racial discrimination and to develop sensitivity programmes and training for its justice officials. States that are parties to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination must uphold certain human rights standards.
Under the treaty, groups and individuals can bring complaints before the Committee. Groups or individuals "can find a remedy at the international level if they haven't received one at the domestic level", she said.
But this is only true if a State has ratified the treaty and many, including Canada, have yet to do so. Nonetheless, Canada has had its own programmes geared toward restoring vitality among indigenous communities.
Efforts have centred on the idea that aboriginals need the care and protection of their own people in order to be safe from legal discrimination.Women’s inequality in Canada 6 I. the Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA) this report on Canada’s compliance with the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women has been prepared by the feminist alliance for international action (fafia).
Discrimination against Aboriginal Women Despite the decreasing inequalities between men and women in both private and public spheres, aboriginal women continue to be oppressed and discriminated against in both.
Aboriginal people in Canada are the indigenous group of people that were residing in Canada prior to the European . Essay Discrimination against Aboriginal Women in Canada - Discrimination against Aboriginal Women Despite the decreasing inequalities between men and women in both private and public spheres, aboriginal women continue to .
Stolen Sisters AI Index: AMR 20// Amnesty International October 2 Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence against Indigenous Women in Canada “It is important to honour the missing and murdered women. It is unacceptable to marginalize these women. The Creator did not create garbage.
Stolen Sisters AI Index: AMR 20// Amnesty International October 2 Stolen Sisters: A Human Rights Response to Discrimination and Violence against Indigenous Women in Canada “It is important to honour the missing and murdered women.
It is unacceptable to marginalize these women. The Creator did not create garbage. Gender discrimination against Aboriginal Women In June of Sharon McIvor of the Lower Nicola Valley First Nation won a historic case in the B.C.
Supreme Court. Up until , a woman that had Indian status under the Indian Act that married a non-status partner, was no .