These dates do not correspond with the fighting on mainland North America, which was largely concluded in six years, from the Battle of Jumonville Glen in to the capture of Montreal in Large areas had no colonial settlements. The French population numbered about 75, and was heavily concentrated along the St. French fur traders and trappers traveled throughout the St.
All three nations knew they could not co-exist together peacefully in North America and that this situation which could only be settled by war.
The powerful European nations already were fighting each other for land and money all over the world. France and Britain engaged in a succession of wars in Europe and the Caribbean throughout the 18th century. ByFrance still had a strong relationship with a number of Native American tribes in Canada and along the Great Lakes.
It controlled the Mississippi River and, by establishing a line of forts and trading posts, had marked out a great crescent-shaped empire stretching from Quebec to New Orleans.
The British remained confined to the narrow belt east of the Appalachian Mountains. Thus the French threatened not only the British Empire but also the American colonists themselves, for in holding the Mississippi Valley, France could limit their westward expansion.
The French and Indian War was fought to decide which of Britain or France would become the stronger power in North America, each side relying on its colonists and Indian allies to fight.
The war began with conflicts about land. French explorers had been the first Europeans in the areas around the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Mississippi rivers and France had sent traders and trappers to these territories and had established trading centers there.
Britain, however, claimed the same land. Land granted in North America by the British monarch was considered to extend from the east coast all the way to west coast, even though where the location of the west coast was unkown at the time. These, in turn, became increasingly worried that they would lose the use of their land.
The Indian tribes might have been able to resist the westward encroachment of European settlers had they been united, but internecine conflicts kept them apart. When conflict flared between Britain and France, Indians were divided over who to support with some helping the British and others helping the French.
French settlers lived mainly in what was then called New France, today a part of Canada. Settlers there were required to be French and belong to the Roman Catholic Church.
As a consequence, numerous Frenchmen who belonged to Protestant churches resettled in the British colonies. Moreover, France was more interested in the fur trade than in settling the land, and thus did not appreciate the high prices paid by the British to the Indians for animal furs.
Where the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania lies today, the French had built one of their trading forts, called Fort Duquesne. Britain, however, claimed the fort was situated in Virginia on top of land belonging to them.
Inthe governor of Virginia sent a twenty-one-year-old colonist named George Washington to demand the withdrawal of the French -- the same George Washington who would later become the first President of the United States.
The French refused to leave and Washington, along with men, tried to force them out, attacking a group of Fenchmen and killing ten of them, sparking the beginning of the French and Indian War. The British government attempted to deal with the conflict by calling a meeting of representatives from New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and the New England colonies.
From June 19 to July 10,the Albany Congress, as it came to be known, met with the Iroquois in Albany, New York, in order to improve relations with them and secure their loyalty to the British. The Albany Plan of Union provided for a president appointed by the king and a grand council of delegates chosen by the assemblies, with each colony to be represented in proportion to its financial contributions to the general treasury.
This body would have charge of defense, Native American relations, and trade and settlement of the west. Most importantly, it would have independent authority to levy taxes. But none of the colonies accepted the plan, since they were not prepared to surrender either the power of taxation or control over the development of the western lands to a central authority.
The British general expected to fight the way battles were fought in Europe with troops lined up on open fields and firing their weapons as they marched toward each other.The French and Indian War (–63) pitted the colonies of British America against those of New France, each side supported by military units from the parent country and by American Indian initiativeblog.com the start of the war, the French colonies had a population of roughly 60, settlers, compared with 2 million in the British colonies.
|French and Indian War - Wikipedia||Confronting the National Debt: The long and costly war with France had finally ended, and Great Britain had emerged victorious.|
|French and Indian War||But a steep price accompanied the fruits of total victory.|
|There had already been a King George's War in the s during the reign of King George IIso British colonists named this conflict after their opponents, and it became known as the French and Indian War. It also led into the Seven Years' War overseas, a much larger conflict between France and Great Britain that did not involve the American colonies; some historians make a connection between the French and Indian War and the Seven Years' War overseas, but most residents of the United States consider them as two separate conflicts—only one of which involved the American colonies,  and American historians generally use the traditional name.|
|U.S. History - Confronting the National Debt: The Aftermath of the French and Indian War||Financing the War The plan though was to raise more money for the colonies own defense. The graph below shows how much money was actually raised to pay for both the war and the colonies own defenses.|
|United Kingdom national debt The sealing of the Bank of England Charter The origins of the British national debt can be found during the reign of William IIIwho engaged a syndicate of City traders and merchants to offer for sale an issue of government debt.|
The outnumbered French particularly depended on the Indians. The war nearly doubled the British national debt, from £75 million in to £ million in Interest payments alone consumed over half the national budget, and the continuing military presence in North America was a constant drain.
Financing the War The plan though was to raise more money for the colonies own defense. The English felt that the burden of debt must be shared. Ultimately most of the war was footed by the English back home.
The French and Indian War's Impact on America - Adam M.
Kravetz > Introduction; Development of the War; Financing the War;. The Seven Years War to the American Revolution. The French and Indian War, or Seven Years War, represented the decisive turning point in British-colonial relations. The British Government had borrowed heavily from British and Dutch bankers to finance the war, and as a consequence the national debt almost doubled from £75 million in .
Start studying the end of salutary neglect. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The French and Indian War Essential Question: What caused the French and Indian War (Seven Years The war cost a lot of money for England, so they doubled their national debt by the end of the war and owed a lot of money.
Essential Question: What impact did the French and Indian War have on England.