Develop a range of instructional and assessment methods and test preparation methods. Instruction Linda Gojakformer NCTM President, noted that "Over the last three decades a variety of instructional strategies have been introduced with a goal of increasing student achievement in mathematics. Such strategies include individualized instruction, cooperative learning, direct instruction, inquiry, scaffolding, computer-assisted instruction, and problem solving" with the flipped classroom being a recent addition to the list para.

Researchers probe causes of math anxiety May 19, By Sarah D. Sparks Math problems make more than a few students - and even teachers - sweat, but new brain research is providing insights into the earliest causes of the anxiety so often associated with mathematics.

Experts argue that "math anxiety" can bring about widespread, intergenerational discomfort with the subject, which could lead to anything from fewer students pursuing math and science careers to less public interest in financial markets.

Beilock, a University of Chicago psychology professor and the author of "Choke," a book on brain responses to performance pressure. In one forthcoming study by Beilock, simply suggesting to college students that they would be asked to take a math test triggered a stress response in the hypothalamus of students with high math anxiety.

The conference, put on by the Needham, Mass. Anxiety has become a hot topic in education research, as educators and policymakers become increasingly focused on test performance and more-intensive curricula, and neuroscience has begun to provide a window into how the brain responds to anxiety.

Anxiety can literally cut off the working memory needed to learn and solve problems, according to Dr. Judy Willis, a Santa Barbara, Calif.

Moreover, a series of experiments at the Mangels Lab of Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory and Attention at Baruch College at the City University of New York suggests this stress reaction may hit hardest the students who might otherwise be the most enthusiastic about math.

Mangels found, in keeping with other research, that students tested in stressful situations had lower math performance. She also found that stress hit otherwise promising students the hardest.

In nonstressful tests, the students who most identified with math, defined as those who sought out more opportunities to learn within the math program, had the highest performance.

In a series of studies, Ansari and his colleagues at the Numerical Cognition Laboratory have found that adults with high math anxiety are more likely to have lower-than-typical ability to quickly recognize differences in numerical magnitude, or the total number of items in a set, which is considered a form of dyscalculia.

As part of normal development, children become increasingly adept at identifying which of two numbers of items is bigger, but Ansari found those with high math anxiety were slower and less accurate at that task, and brain scans showed activity different from that of people with low math stress doing the same tasks.

Because understanding numerical magnitude is a foundation for other calculations, Mr.

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Ansari suggests that small, early deficiencies in that area can lead to difficulties, frustration, and negative reactions to math problems over time. Moreover, math anxiety can become a generational problem, with adults uncomfortable with math passing negative feelings on to their children or students.

In a study of a dozen first-grade and five second-grade teachers and their students, researchers found no difference in the performance of boys and girls in math at the beginning of the year. By the end of the school year, however, girls taught by a teacher with high math anxiety started to score lower than boys in math.

Moreover, those girls were more likely to draw pictures supporting a gender bias - "boys are good at math; girls are good at reading" - and the stronger the bias, the worse the girls performed. That study and similar ones highlight a need for more training for parents and teachers on how to conquer their own math fears and avoid passing them to children, Beilock and Ansari said.

Geist, an associate professor at Ohio University in Athens and the author of the book "Children Are Born Mathematicians," works with math teachers to create "anxiety-free classrooms" for students. Likewise, Willis, the California neurologist, said that teachers can help students reduce their fear of participating during math discussions by asking all students to answer every question, using scratch paper or electronic clickers to "bet" on answers, and then talking about the problem as a group.

The key to helping students learn not to fear mathshe said, is to "get students to expose faulty foundational knowledge, which they can only do if they make mistakes and participate.The Phenomenon of Math Anxiety: A Research; The Phenomenon of Math Anxiety: A Research.

Words Jan 30th, 3 Pages. Math Research Paper Since the ’s calculator use in the classroom has been a huge controversy between educators (Golden, ).

It is becoming increasingly common to use calculators in the classroom on a regular basis. You may have arrived at this page because you followed a link to one of our old platforms that cannot be redirected. Cambridge Core is the new academic platform from Cambridge University Press, replacing our previous platforms; Cambridge Journals Online (CJO), Cambridge Books Online (CBO), University Publishing Online (UPO), Cambridge Histories Online (CHO), Cambridge Companions Online (CCO.

Psychological Science publishes cutting-edge empirical research of broad interest and theoretical significance across the field of psychology. Tools to help children learn math with confidence and resilience, and advice parents can use to prevent passing on their own math anxiety.

Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. New research shows that math anxiety creates a response in the brain similar to when people experience physical pain..

Researchers at the University of Chicago used brain scans to determine that.

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