Contact How can we reduce disparities in health? The Health Inequality Project uses big data to measure differences in life expectancy by income across areas and identify strategies to improve health outcomes for low-income Americans.
Health Background Good health is one of the most important things to people and also brings many other benefits, including enhanced access to education and the job market, an increase in productivity and wealth, reduced health care costs, good social relations, and of course, a longer life.
There have been remarkable gains in life expectancy over the past 50 years in OECD countries. Women live about six years longer than men, averaging 83 years versus 77 years for men. The OECD country with the highest life expectancy is Japan with an average life expectancy of 84 years.
At the other end of the scale, life expectancy among OECD countries is the lowest in Mexico and Hungary, at 75 years and 76 years, respectively. Life expectancy in Brazil and Latvia both stand at 75 years, and the Russian Federation and South Africa show averages of 71 years and 57 years, respectively.
Recent OECD analysis suggests that health care spending growth has contributed to the improvement in life expectancy, but other determinants such as rising living standards, environmental improvements, lifestyle changes and education are also important drivers. Taken together, these explain much of the cross-country differences in life expectancy, as well as changes over time.
Further progress in population health status and life expectancy can be achieved by putting greater emphasis on public health and disease prevention, especially among disadvantaged groups, and by improving the quality and performance of health care systems. Chronic non-communicable diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory conditions and diabetes, are now the main causes of disability and death in OECD countries.
Many of these diseases are preventable, since they are linked to modifiable lifestyles. People who do not smoke, drink alcohol in moderate quantities, are physically active, eat a balanced diet, and who are not overweight or obese have a much lower risk of early death than those who have unhealthy habits.
Self-reported health Most OECD countries conduct regular health surveys which allow respondents to report on different aspects of their health. The commonly-asked question, "How is your health?
Cultural and framing factors may affect responses to this broad question on health status. The gap is largest in Chile, Korea, Portugal and Turkey.
Age and social status also have an impact on answers. Not surprisingly, older people report poorer health, as do those who are unemployed, or who have less education or income.LINEAR MOTION SOLUTIONS Simplicity ® Self-lubricated Bearings, Guides, Systems & Slides 1 () initiativeblog.com TL Series Tact Switch • Surface Mount Switch • Long Cycle Life of , Cycles • Extremely Small Surface profile of mm x mm • Switch Mounts along the edge of the PCB for Right Angle Actuation.
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FMC Technologies provides transfer loading solutions between relative moving units thanks to its Chiksan loading arms. Only countries that are still very religious have low life expectancy of below 65, and, all countries that have lost religion, or are losing it, have great life expectancy (over 65).
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